Define what a manager is as compared to a leader
Leaders can be at any level of the organization.
Managers are a position within the organizational hierarchy.
Leaders produce change by establishing direction, aligning people, motivating, & inspiring.
Managers produce change by planning and budgeting, organizing and staffing, & controlling.
Managers have subordinates. (Does not mean the subordinates are willing)
Leaders have followers. (Implies willingness of the follower)
While these are not my words but the words of W. G. Bennis in his book "Managing the Dream: Leadership in the 21st Century", I have found them to be one the most powerful illustrations in this area.
The manager administers; the leader innovates
The manager is a copy; the leader is the original
The manager maintains; the leader develops
The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people
The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust
The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective
The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why
The manager has an eye on the bottom line; the leader has an eye on the horizon
The manager accepts the status quo; the leader changes it
The manager is the classic soldier; the leader is not dependent on others
The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing
"Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things." - Peter Drucker